Article 3414

Title of the article



Karnishina Natalia Gennadievna, Doctor of historical sciences, professor, head of sub-department of state-legal disciplinies, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia),

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Background. The article analyzes the state of the government system in the second half of XIX century in the Russian Empire. The investigation of reforms of the local self-government in Russia gives an opportunity to analyze the criterions of success of such transformations in modern Russia through the prism of perception by the bureaucracy and scientists-lawyers.
Materials and methods. The problem was investigated on the basis of archive sources, materials of periodic press and public memoirs of contemporaries. The author conducted the comparative-historical investigation of theoretical and practical aspects of reforms of the local self-government on the basis of estimations by theoreticians and practitioners of that time.
Results. The main aim of the author is to estimate the results of zemstvo and state reforms through the prism of opinions of the theoreticians–authors of projects of transformations and through the way of investigation of estimates of the bureaucracy which prepared and made these structural changes. The approaches to estimation of performance efficiency of the local self-government bodies in Russia were generalized and systematized.
Conclusions. The opinions of higher dignitaries of the Russian Empire and the scientists-lawyers on the problem of the local self-government by the example of the experience of zemstvo and state reforms in the second half of XIX century were considered. Special attention was given to the study of opportunities of decentralization of administration in the unitary state.

Key words

zemstvo, state reform, bureaucracy, local self-government, projects of reforms.

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Дата обновления: 24.04.2015 15:20